Responsibility In Entrepreneurship

Posted by Imam Larh on Wednesday, 7 March 2018

Responsibility (responsibility) is a must to perform all the duties/duties assigned to him as a result of the authority received or owned. Authority is the basis for acting, acting, and conducting activities/activities within a company. 

Without authority, people within the company can not do anything about it. Every authority will give rise to rights, responsibilities, obligations to carry out and accountability. The assertion of responsibility must be as great as the authority it possesses. 

Accountability is only granted to the person or institution that delegates the authority or the delegate is only responsible to the delegator. Responsibility arises because of the relationship between the boss (delegator) and the subordinate (delegate), in which the delegator delegates some of the authority (work) to the delegate to do.

Authority actually flows from superiors to subordinates if held submission (command) task, while the responsibility is the obligation of subordinates to do the task. Responsibility is the backflow of those commands. Because the company is always associated with other companies that are within

social system environment, then top managers or top managers of a particular company should be responsible to:
  • Company owner,
  • Employee,
  • Government and consumers.
Government and Consumers
  1. Want the availability of goods and services with good quality, the price is feasible and always there in the market.
  2. There is a harmonious relationship between owner, employee, and manager so that the production of goods and services remain available.
  3. The government requires that companies be managed in accordance with their permits.
  4. The government requires the company to pay its obligations, such as taxes and others.
  5. e. The government expects the company to produce goods and guarantee its customers.
Company owner
  1. The company remains liquid and solvable.
  2. A reasonable return on investment.
  3. Facilities and infrastructure should be utilized optimally.
  4. Information about the state of the company and the future of the company.
  5. The company should be managed in accordance with its license.
  6. There is a long-term plan for the company.
  7. Promotion of good relations between owners, employees, and managers. 
Employee :
  1. Compensation (salary and welfare) is fair and reasonable.
  2. Guarantee of permanent employment and promotion opportunities.
  3. Good and humane treatment from the manager.
  4. Fun situation and work environment.
  5. Satisfaction and appreciation for their work.
  6. Getting information as necessary about the company's circumstances.
  7. And so forth.
Responsibility can not be delegated (delegated) to other parties. Authority accepted then his responsibility must also be accepted as well as possible. For that top manager who became the last responsible regarding the forward or retreat of a company. The higher the position or position of a manager in an organization the greater the authority and responsibility. Conversely, the lower the position of a manager in the organization, the less authority, and responsibility.

A. Developing Creative Ideas
Never force your idea on someone. People need time before they can receive something new. Ideas that involve the future of the organization are risky. Any risk is usually somewhat hesitant. As an Entrepreneur, you must be a planner in the sense that you can imagine how your creative ideas can be used. However, you must also have the ability to take risks in order to be able to implement ideas and implement them to succeed. 

Risk taking and creativity are two important characteristics of Entrepreneurs. By trying to be more creative then an Entrepreneur will become more aware of more productive ideas. If you can choose from a number of good ideas, then we will be better prepared to take the necessary risks to implement the most productive ideas. To some extent, everyone is creative, in general everyone will probably develop creative talent.

If we have developed a creative idea, it will be followed by certain risks in the implementation of the idea. Therefore in order to reduce the possibility of rejection of an idea, preferably by expressing the idea to your business friends by previously determining the right time and place. 

The delivery will be better in writing, then create a discussion forum to discuss your creative ideas. The results of such discussions should be recorded as a reference in case of a change.

C. Implement the Change
In each activity, the first thing to determine is whether there is a risk in the activity. When a risk is clear, the decision to take risks or not becomes very important. Risks can be known from the plans that have been designed. First of all, the feedback received on the decision is not much. This lack of feedback may create doubt. In the first stages after the decision is made, it is necessary to have a full commitment to the decision until the problem is solved.

Troubleshooting is a process that follows a logical sequence. This process starts with knowing what the problem is, then we analyze to find the causes and finally make a decision. One of the basic concepts is that a society is an aberration or an imbalance
between what "should have happened" and what "actually happened". 

Another concept suggests that this imbalance is caused by a certain change. Before this change is known for certain, then all actions to overcome it is a mere assumption. But as soon as it is discovered because it causes a problem or a change that results in an imbalance, an appropriate decision can be made. Problem-solving by choosing among the possibilities is one of the best ways to get a decision.

The ability to risk an Entrepreneur will be enhanced by:
  1. Confidence in him,
  2. Their willingness to use their full capacity to change circumstances for their benefit,
  3. Their ability to assess real risk situations and their ability to change opportunities/possibilities,
  4. Facing a risk situation according to their predetermined goals.
Innovation in a business that produces goods and services High quality is the result of the actions of the Entrepreneur, who willing to accept bigger challenges and take risks which have been taken into account.

D. Delegate Authority and Responsibility
Risk taking is especially important in delegating authority and responsibility to your staff. Allowing others to participate in your authority is a hallmark of a talented Entrepreneur forward. The more you delegate authority successfully, the more time you handle the most influential activities of your organization's future. 

An Entrepreneur is a leader in the sense that it is he who directs the activities of others in an effort to achieve corporate goals. As an individual, the ability is limited. Therefore, Entrepreneurs need others to achieve company goals. As a company leader consisting of people, Entrepreneurs must be willing to give authority and responsibility to staff for activities certain.

Delegating authority and responsibility to others contains certain risks. There may be negative and positive consequences and we must be willing to bear those consequences. A growth-oriented entrepreneur must have a staff that is action-oriented and capable of accepting authority and responsibility. 

To gain maximum profit, employees must be given certain powers and freedoms to perform their duties and responsibilities. In giving authority and responsibility required a trust given to the employees because when performing their duties the employee may not be continuously monitored by us. By giving full trust then we can do other activities such as long-term planning or development of new products.

The main reason why Entrepreneurs (managers) do not delegate authority is as follows:
  • There is a tendency (ego) of man to carry out certain things personally.
  • Less keen role if they are promoted to managerial
  • Feelings of fear are exposed because the delegation of authority can reveal the manager's weaknesses, procedures, inappropriate methods revealed.
  • The acceptance of the theory that people can not be replaced. According to this theory, a leader cannot be replaced by others in the organization environment concerned.
  • The unwillingness to bear the risk, the party who gives and does it is willing to risk that a subordinate can make the wrong decision. Such risks must be faced.
  • The desire to dominate (in power).
  • Attitude or assumption that subordinates are not able to use that authority appropriately.
  • A delegation of authority so that in its implementation can be done effectively must pay attention to things or ways as follows:
  1. Details of job duties and authority clearly.
  2. Choosing the right person for the job assigned.
  3. Clearly describe the plans and policies, in the sense that superiors provide guidance toward thinking and plans, subordinates will plan according to the instructions of their superiors.
  4. Establish good control tools.
  5. Keep the lines of communication open.
  6. Provide incentives for effective and successful delegates.
  7. Impose good human relations to minimize social-cultural divide.
E. Ethics and Social Responsibility
Currently, business ethics is very important because the changes in the world that currently take place very quickly requires a handle of life that is able to deal with complex problems. To improve the business competitiveness required a healthy business operation and ethical. 

What is meant by business ethics is an ethics that deals with social interaction in business activities. (Beny Suharsono, 1990) The Company may be said to have fulfilled the ethics of doing business if it has carried out its social responsibility. The ethics of a business can be analyzed based on economic laws, rules, and regulations
ethics of each businessperson.

Ethics according to economics is when these resources are managed efficiently without harming other communities. Ethics according to the rules that apply when each business actor complies with the rules that have been agreed previously. While the ethics of each individual is when each business actor is honest and does not sacrifice his personal integrity. Today's managers face the following ethical issues:
  1. Ethics is organizational responsible. Included in this matter is the responsibility of the assignee, and does not abuse the authority it holds.
  2. Ethics of social responsibility. Included in this matter is the responsibility of a fellow employee; does not violate the "Equal Pay for Equal Work" principle. (Eg minimize costs by lowering labor costs so that wages and welfare of the workforce are low and not in accordance with the work contribution provided). Not accepting bribes or outside gifts in connection with business activities does not "bind" people with "fake" emoluments.
  3. The ethics of consumer responsibility: Protecting the interests of consumers / customers honestly on the quality of products, services and contracts provided, guaranteeing product quality, not raising the price of products above reasonable norms, always testing the product, improving service quality, with the customer, not monopolizing (eg through the acquisition of a retail network for the benefit of producers who can ultimately shut down retailers), not discriminating against customers, not doing dishonest competition.
in the article "Superior Personality" requires that each Entrepreneur shall at least meet the following seven conditions:

a. Sense of responsibility
Willing to bear the responsibilities or deficiencies and mistakes of his followers. The successful leader knows to be responsible to his boss, his colleagues in his left and right and especially below.

b. A balanced sense of fairness
A respected and authoritative leader knows weighing justice is not to overpower his enjoyment and not to overemphasize the burden of obligation to others.

c. Bravery
No follower wants to be led by a coward, has no self-confidence and is not firm. One must have the courage to bear the risks and consequences of the decisions he has taken even if they are ultimately unfavorable.

d. Ability
The most preferred ability is to be able to control oneself (self-control). Self-control skills include how to decide something, be able to make plans, able to control others. The person who hesitates in making a decision proves that he does not have a firm stance, is unable to give a good leader.

e. Habit more than in return. Not all
people will succeed in having this habit. Mostly, because the rewards are considered too little, it creates ways to enlarge those rewards. Such a leader is clearly dishonest and at some point will be knocked and hard, he must dare to sacrifice as required of him.

f. Fun personality
A dirty, nonchalant leader will not work. Leadership asks for honor even if the leader does not want it. His followers will not respect if he does not manifest a pleasant personality. Thus the leader should put sympathy (adhesion) to his followers, knows the difficulties he faces.

g. Willingness to work together
A leader must understand and use the principle of cooperation and should encourage his followers to do the same. Leadership needs power and that power requires cooperation.

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