WEACCOUNTING NEWS - The mystery of the first female pilot's disappearance in his travels around the world was 'revealed'. Recent research says the bones found in 1940 in the remote islands of the Pacific are owned by Amelia Earhart, the missing female pilot with the plane and her navigator in 1937. Earhart was on his way around the world as his plane disappeared over the Pacific Ocean. He stole the world's attention as the first woman to fly across the Atlantic in 1932.
Richard Jantz, a University of Tennessee affiliated researcher, re-examined data on the bones found three years after Earhart disappeared. In a paper in the journal Forensic Anthropology, Jantz states the bones found in Nikumaroro, Phoenix Island in accordance with Earhart's profile. The three main theories about the loss of Earhart aircraft for many years continue to be challenged and can not be proven.
The first and simplest theory is the notion that Earhart and his Lockheed Electra 10E plane navigator, Fred Noonan, ran out of fuel and fell into the Pacific Ocean. The approximate location of the fall is around Howland Island, where they should land. Another theory suggests Earhart (and possibly Noonan) survived the fall of their beliefs but was caught by Japanese troops who were currently expanding the area ahead of World War II.
One other theory holds that Lockheed Electra 10E fell near the island of Nikumaroro, about 400 miles south of Howland due to navigation errors. Nikumaroro, formerly called Gardner Island, is a collection of small corals now known as Kiribati. This latter theory is supported by Jantz, an emeritus professor of anthropology and director of emeritus of the University of Tennessee Forensic Anthropology Center.He studied the remaining skeletal data found in 1940 in the British expedition to Nikumaroro. Found human skull, humeral and radii (both arm bones), tabia and fibula of the lower leg and two femur (femur). All of these bones are then sent to Fiji for examination and measured by Dr. D.W. Hoodless.
Together with International Group for Histric Aircraft Recovery, Jantz retested the Hoodless bone measurements 80 years ago. Using a program called Fordisc, it can be predicted the gender, origin, and stature of bone owners while still alive. Fordisc is used by almost all certified forensic anthropologists in the US and around the world.
Hoodless analysis proves wrong to determine the sex of the bone owner. "Forensic anthropology was not well developed at the beginning of the 20th century," Jantz said in the study. "There are many examples of erroneous research by anthropologists in that period." Jantz also compared the size of bones and notes of Earhart's body, photographs, and some clothes kept by George Palmer's Putnam Collection from Amelia Earhart Papers at Purde University.
After many trials, Jantz concludes that "the only document anyone who may be the owner of [the bones in Nikumaroro] is Amelia Earhart." Dorothy Cochrane, curator of the Aeronautics Department at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, said: "I do not blame people's curiosity, it's one of the greatest mysteries of the 20th century because he's so famous." Hoodless, head of the Central Medical School in Fiji, concluded that the bones belonged to a fat European man. Since then, the bones are gone and can not be found again.